The present course will examine a number of models, mainly made of terracotta and scarcely of stucco, uncovered in Crete and Cyprus with references to respective Egyptian products in clay and wood. Their meaning will also be discussed. When it comes to models in clay – mainly as burial contributions but not exclusively in that use – we realize their importance to all Mediterranean cultures, however, slight differences are observed in each case and civilization. Models study includes:
- The use of specific theme pattern, which varies from time to time and different circumstances at Crete while follows a repeated pattern in Cyprus.
- The different meaning that models perceive according to where they were produced
- The applied inventiveness of each model creator.
All of the above will be analyzed further and in detail in this online course part of the Arts and Culture category. After successfully completing the lessons, the participant will receive a training certificate while acquiring a magnificent one time experience.
The programme is addressed not only to students of Archaeology but also to the broader public, especially those with a particular interest in prehistoric/protohistoric times in the broader eastern Mediterranean area.
During the long era of prehistory various types of models, made of clay, have been unearthed in different sites on the islands of Crete and Cyprus. These sites include tombs, settlements, sanctuaries and other.
This lecture refers to these models, describes them in a detailed way and discusses their possible meaning/s and the impact they had in the prehistoric communities which produced them. It seems that in Crete the clay models cover a very long period of time ranging from Prepalatial to Postpalatial epoch and their character is diverse.
In Cyprus on the other hand, such models are limited in time span and are dated in Chalcolithic period and Early Bronze Age III to Middle Bronze Age I. In the examination of Cypriot models a series of open and closed vases, bearing on the rim and/or shoulder small human and animal figurines along with models of structures, either in relief and/or in the round, is also included.
In addition, a selective assemblage of Egyptian models made of stucco and wood and rarely of clay are discussed as a comparative material. Egypt had a long tradition in the deposition of models of great variety and beauty in the tombs of Pharaohs, noblemen as well as common people.
The programme attempts a fascinating journey to the everyday life of ancient Crete, Cyprus, and Egypt.
Lesson 1: Introduction - Models of Minoan Crete
In this lesson, we will define the term model and we will examine models of Minoan Crete.
Lesson 2: Cyprus: Pottery decorated with figures (I)
In our second lesson, we will examine the case of Cyprus.
Lesson 3: Cyprus: Pottery decorated with figures (II)- Autonomous Models
Here, we will further analyze the case of Cyprus with emphasis on autonomous models.
Lesson 4: Egyptian Models - Conclusions
Finally, Egyptian models and further conclusions will be discussed.